* _Photoshop Elements 8:_ This program enables you to do most of what you can do in Photoshop. You can use it to edit images, and you can even do some things that are a little more difficult to do in Photoshop, such as create a PDF document using a Web service.
* _Photoshop CS3:_ This program also enables you to edit images and add special effects, but you have to buy this version to use many of the features in Photoshop.
* _Photoshop CS4:_ If you’re willing to spend the time and money, you can use this version of Photoshop to create professional-quality images.
You should be able to successfully edit images using Photoshop Elements or Photoshop CS3, but you should consider Photoshop CS4 if you plan to do serious image editing. If you’re one of the many people who uses Photoshop as a verb, I recommend that you consider purchasing the more advanced version.
You can download a free, fully functional version of Photoshop at www.adobe.com/products/photoshop.
## Gathering Your Materials
You need to be able to work with any type of image to edit and manipulate photos. In addition to taking digital photographs, you should also consider ways to manipulate images that you created using film.
If your camera takes photos on film, you can put the film back into the camera or transfer it to a computer to edit. You can even print a copy of the image from a scanner. You can get an inexpensive home inkjet scanner that you can set up in your home and scan film directly into Photoshop. You may want to look into getting an inexpensive scanner like this to use when you’re traveling.
The biggest drawback is that you can’t achieve perfect results from film. That’s why I recommend scanning your photos into a computer. If you decide to work with film, you can scan it yourself at a photography store or scan the images at a professional print lab.
If you need a print test, visit a local print shop or printing company, but be careful how you present your image for processing. Some shops charge by the sheet and work only with large prints. Also, some printing shops offer photo restoration services. Don’t accept any print that you’re not 100 percent sure of. This will save you money in the long run.
The following sections go over how to work with digital and film-based photos.
Adobe Photoshop Elements includes the Adobe Photoshop Essentials package as well. This lets you try all of the built-in features of Photoshop in a familiar and comfortable Adobe workspace. Once you learn to use Photoshop Elements, you will want to try professional Photoshop as well.
Adobe Photoshop Elements Premium Content with Extended Features
While Element is simple, it comes with more than 200 effects and graphics tools, a library of artwork and effects, and a gallery with Adobe Stock images. You can also use the Elements Library with Adobe Photoshop.
Adobe Photoshop Elements is not full-featured. You will need to run Photoshop to work with other parts of the program.
In addition to learning how to use Elements, this training course covers the features of Elements, best practices for using the program, and how to take images from the program and use them in Photoshop.
The course includes:
Get to know how to use the Elements interface.
Understand the steps to create a new document, edit an image, and work with layers and groups.
Add new features to an image.
Work with other parts of Elements, like brushes, the effects and graphics tool kit, and the photo editor.
Use the graphics tool kit and the art kit.
Use the Adobe Stock library to search for image and design content.
Learn how to take a photograph with the Elements camera and enhance it in Photoshop.
Learn to convert images from one format to another.
Import artwork from Illustrator, Dreamweaver and other common file formats.
Learn how to create a low-res JPEG from RAW and TIFF files.
Combine images, filters and styles to create a unique photo effect.
Learn to add effects to images and use different filters to alter photos.
Work with layers, masks, and clipping masks.
Apply artistic effects to photos.
Apply artistic effects to photos with brushes.
Work with layers, groups and Smart Objects.
Use the feature menu to customize your workspace.
Learn how to work with art collections.
Recover lost files.
Create a slide show.
Work with opacity and transparency.
Work with points.
Use the Spot Healing brush.
Resize, rotate, crop, and straighten images.
Work with frames, masks, and selections.
Work with Smart Object Layers.
Renault; The Cure or the Captain?
Renault; The Cure or the Captain?
Following a debt restructuring deal orchestrated by the French Government to save their car company from bankruptcy, Renault for the first time has recorded positive sales figures in the UK market.
Renault’s sales through to the end of the second quarter fell for the third consecutive time. Sales in the UK have dropped from 45,712 in the same period last year to 34,476 – a fall of 30 percent. However, this figure is nearly 30 percent more than the company’s sales last year. Overall, Renault’s performance in the UK so far this year has been buoyed by the offering of the Clio, Clio RS, Megane, Megane RS and Sharan and by the deployment of new products including the Megane, the Captur and the Kwid.
However, the firm’s performance in Europe has been more difficult. Its sales fell by nearly 40 percent to 22,902 in the July-to-September period compared to the same period last year. The company blamed its poor performance on supply constraints in the European market and high fuel prices.
While there is no doubting the impact of high fuel prices on the company’s finances, the adverse impact on Renault’s performance may turn out to be much more than expected.
Gearing the company up for the next two years to handle the transition from diesel to gasoline engines, Renault has announced new engines in the Kwid, Clio and Captur and a number of new models like the Captur S and the Kwid Cliq. Renault is gearing up the new models on petrol engines.
While in Europe’s lead market – China, Renault has announced that it will focus on the hatchbacks for the next three years. While the UK market is expected to follow suit with the new Megane RS and Captur being replaced by the latest new hatchback and the Kwid Cliq – Renault is gearing itself for a significantly different face ahead of the next round of selling seasons.
As the transition to CNG is expected to impact on the company’s profitability and cash flow in the coming years, Renault’s performance in Europe and the UK is crucial to its survival as a going concern.
Its performance in Europe and the UK will be key in Renault’s decision making process as they assess the government’s bailing
Robustness of Extended Exposure Pathological Gambling Treatment in a Private Practice: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Clinical stability is an essential component of treatment for pathological gambling. For patients who experience an exacerbation of their gambling behavior and symptoms in response to an external event (i.e., relapse), therapists often provide extended exposure (EE) treatment. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of EE in a private practice setting. Thirty-nine clients were randomly assigned to either 9 sessions of EE or a waitlist (WL) condition, with 26 completing all sessions. Follow-up measures included the 12-item Gambling Symptom Assessment Scale (GAS-12), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and the Substance Use Severity Scale. There were large effect sizes and a significant group × time interaction for BDI-II (F (1, 26) = 6.80, p =.016) and GAS-12 (F (1, 24) = 5.96, p =.024) for treatment completers. The BDI-II and GAS-12 revealed a large effect size of 0.69 for BDI-II and 0.62 for GAS-12. The BDI-II revealed a large effect size of 0.78, whereas the GAS-12 revealed a medium effect size of 0.50. There was a substantial difference in the number of occasions of gambling (Z = -2.30, p =.02) and problem gambling (Z = -2.30, p =.02) between the conditions. The BDI-II demonstrated a large effect size of 0.82, whereas the GAS-12 revealed a medium effect size of 0.45. Results indicate the EE intervention was as effective in a private practice as is in a hospital-based setting.Q:
Nested loops with panda dataframes
I have a dataframe with a column (column 3) that looks like:
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A B D
A B E
A B F
A C G
OS: Windows 7
Windows 7 Processor: Intel Core i3 1.8Ghz or later
Intel Core i3 1.8Ghz or later Memory: 4 GB RAM
4 GB RAM Video Card: GeForce GTX 460/1GB with support for OpenGL 4.0 and DirectX 11 or equivalent
GeForce GTX 460/1GB with support for OpenGL 4.0 and DirectX 11 or equivalent Hard Drive: 8 GB available space
8 GB available space Sound Card: DirectX 11.1 compatible, Supports Multiple channels